obstructive sleep apnea

Ultrasound imaging of tongue muscle movement

The human upper airway has many important physiological functions including speech, swallowing and breathing.  The human tongue forms an important part of the upper airway. It is made up of different muscles with origins both within and external to the tongue.  Among these, the genioglossus (GG) is the largest dilator […]

The human upper airway and its neuromechanical behaviour

Obstructive sleep apnoea is a common disorder which is linked to increased incidence of stroke, myocardial infarction and heart failure (for review see Jordan et al 2014).  However, the fundamental neuromotor control of the upper airway is poorly understood, perhaps because of its structural and neural complexity.  Recently a series […]